Vaccine passports will be introduced in Scotland next month after MSPs voted to back Nicola Sturgeon’s plan.

It means people will have to show proof they have had both doses of the vaccine before allowed entry to nightclubs and other live events including some football matches .

It covers nightclubs, sexual entertainment venues, indoor unseated live events with 500 or more people, outdoor unseated live events with 4,000 or more people and all events with 10,000 or more people.

From October 1 it will affect football matches at Hampden, Celtic Park and Ibrox.

Nightclub bosses said there is confusion over what is a nightclub and .said it was a “serious error”.

Michael Grieve, Chairperson of the NTIA Scotland commission, said:“Vaccine passports will further cripple an industry that has already borne so much in terms of the costs of this pandemic. It has been devastating to business. We are warning the First Minister that by going down the Vaccine Passports route she is making a serious error.

“With so many pubs and bars offering similar services to nightclubs, and with so many nightclubs offering an array of different services, it is almost impossible to identify with any sort of precision what a ‘nightclub’ is. Leaving out the rest of hospitality from the policy will only displace the transmission risk to other settings.”

Earlier Nicola Sturgeon defended the plan amid questioning from Anas Sarwar, Scottish Labour leader who said they will not be effective in stopping the spread of Covid.

Labour, Conservatives and the LibDems voted against the plan while SNP and Green MSPs backed the Scottish Government proposal.

Sarwar had said the First Minister is rushing the proposals through Parliament in an attempt to “look in control of a virus that is clearly out of control”.

He said: “The scientific advisory group for emergencies, on which the Scottish Government’s chief medical officer sits, says that any proposals should consider these three key points:

“One, isolate those that are infectious from the rest of the population-

vaccine passports will not do that;

“Two, reduce the likelihood that they enter higher-risk settings or situations-

vaccine passports will not do that; and

“Three, attempt to decrease the transmission risk from an infectious person in any given environment.”

He asked: “Given the high transmissibility of the delta variant, vaccine passports will not do that. What evidence has led the First Minister and her ministers to change their minds, disagree with those scientists and now back vaccine passports?”

The First Minister said vaccine certification is not a 100 per cent solution in and of itself.

She said: “All the things that Anas Sarwar rightly ran through have to be done but, in addition, vaccine passports can provide an added layer of protection.

“Take, for example, a nightclub, where people come together and there is the potential for superspreading events.

“ If we make sure that, in addition to all the other protections, everybody in that nightclub has been fully vaccinated, we do not eradicate the risk of transmission, but we reduce it and significantly reduce the risk of illness.

“Crucially, we also give an alternative to the possibility, as we go into winter, of the closure of those kinds of events.”